Skip navigation
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/14908
Title: The efficiency of Eichhornia crassipes in the removal of organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater: a review
Authors: Mishra S.
Maiti, Abhijit
Published in: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Abstract: Water is a basic necessity of life, but due to overextraction and heavy input of nutrients from domestic and industrial sources, the contamination level of water bodies increase. In the last few decades, a potential interest has been aroused to treat wastewater by biological methodologies before discharge into the natural water bodies. Phytoremediation using water hyacinth is found to be an effective biological wastewater treatment method. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a notorious weed, being the most promising plant for removal of contaminants from wastewater is studied extensively in this regard. It has been successfully used to accumulate heavy metals, dyes, radionuclides, and other organic and inorganic contaminants from water at laboratory, pilot, and large scale. The plant materials are also being used as sorbent to separate the contaminant from water. Other than phytoremediation, the plant has been explored for various other purposes like ethanol production and generation of biogases and green manures. Such applications of this have been good support for the technocrats in controlling the growth of the plant. The present paper reviews the phytoremedial application of water hyacinth and its capability to remove contaminants in produced water and wastewater from domestic and isndustrial sources either used as a whole live plant grown in water or use of plant body parts as sorbent has been discussed. © 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Citation: Environmental Science and Pollution Research (2017), 24(9): 7921-7937
URI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-8357-7
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/14908
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Keywords: Phytoremediation
Sorbent
Wastewater
Water hyacinth
ISSN: 9441344
Author Scopus IDs: 55353346500
23994098600
Author Affiliations: Mishra, S., Department of polymer and process engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India
Maiti, A., Department of polymer and process engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India
Corresponding Author: Maiti, A.; Department of polymer and process engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur CampusIndia; email: mabhifpt@iitr.ac.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PE]

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Show full item record


Items in Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.