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Title: Urban green space as a countermeasure to increasing urban risk and the UGS-3CC resilience framework
Authors: Mukherjee, Mahua
Takara K.
Published in: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Abstract: Urban green space is an asset to a city. It facilitates social interactions, health and wellbeing, recreation and alternate livelihoods. If created, nurtured and enhanced, urban green space can extend the resilience and security of energy, health, water, food, and biodiversity systems. Urban green spaces are an alternative or complementary alternative to engineered infrastructure to ameliorate quality of life and can attenuate urban heat island (UHI) impact and improve urban water management significantly. Performance-based monitoring can evaluate the efficiency of urban green spaces as a measure against heat and water stress. Increasing vulnerability exposes a large number of urban populations and assets to risks. Urban green spaces, when networked with other blue-green spaces, show improved efficiency as an urban risk resiliency (URR) measure. Despite its potential as a URR tool, the deployment of urban green spaces is quite limited, especially in developing countries. Challenges include a lack of integrated strategies, green-engineering design and instrumented monitoring, management best practices and incentives to change. This article reviews urban green space types and their resilience capacity and proposes the UGS-3CC framework, which is an urban climate resiliency model based on blue-green networking. The framework responds to the design, implementation and management challenges of urban green spaces by using a contextual concept, core competency and contribution calculation. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Citation: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction(2018), 28(): 854-861
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Ecosystem services
Green resilient infrastructure
UGS-3CC resilience framework
Urban climate resiliency model
Urban green space
Urban risk resilience
ISSN: 22124209
Author Scopus IDs: 51562291900
Author Affiliations: Mukherjee, M., Department of Architecture and Planning, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Takara, K., Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Funding Details: The authors would like to acknowledge support from Mr. A Rahul, the IIT Roorkee, India and the DPRI, Kyoto University, Japan. Dr. Mahua Mukherjee studied architecture and in post-graduation studied building science and technology. Her doctoral study resulted in developing the Sustainable Total Living Environment (SusTLE) model. She has taught in the Department of Architecture and Planning, IIT Roorkee, India, since 2003. As a Fulbright Fellow, she conducted post-doctoral research on urban resiliency at Pennsylvania State University in 2008. As visiting research faculty, she spent 3 months with DPRI, Kyoto University to work on green resilient infrastructure. Prof. Kaoru Takara is a professor at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University and an adjunct professor at the United Nations University (UNU). His major was hydrology and water resources engineering, focusing on integrated water resources management, risk analysis of extreme events, and sustainability science for disaster management. He is the Secretary General of the Asia Pacific Association of Hydrology and Water Resources (APHW), Programme Coordinator of the Inter-Graduate School Programme for Sustainable Development and Survivable Societies (GSS), and supported by JSPS and MEXT.
Corresponding Author: Mukherjee, M.; Department of Architecture and Planning, IIT RoorkeeIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [AR]

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