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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13688
Title: Effect of dimensionality on transition-metal elements of groups 3-7
Authors: Bala A.
Nautiyal, Tashi
Kim K.S.
Published in: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Abstract: We report theoretically on the effect of dimensionality on elementary low-dimensional systems of transition metals of groups 3-7 (Sc, Y; Ti, Zr, Hf; V, Nb, Ta; Cr, Mo, W; Mn, Tc, Re). This work completes the exploration on elementary low-dimensional systems of all transition metals, those of groups 8 to 12 being reported earlier. In contrast to the elementary low-dimensional systems of late transition metals, magnetic moment per atom (μ) predicted for some cases of early transition metals is very large. An interesting trend is observed for magnetic ordering as we go from group 3 to 7. The elementary low-dimensional systems of groups 3 and 4 prefer ferromagnetic ordering, with only Hf preferring to stay nonmagnetic as in bulk. Antiferromagnetic ordering is preferred by elementary low-dimensional systems of transition metals of groups 5 to 7. The maximum μ for ferromagnetic elementary low-dimensional systems (1.8 μB for Sc linear chains) is much smaller than that for antiferromagnetic systems (∼3.4 μB for linear chains of Cr and Mn). The antiferromagnetic ordering in two-dimensional systems is invariably accompanied by lattice expansion with respect to bulk. Our results are in accordance with available experimental and theoretical results. Magnetic linear chains of Sc, Ti, Zr (ferromagnetic in nature), and Cr, Re (antiferromagnetic in nature) are predicted to offer relative ease of formation experimentally and could be useful from an application point of view. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
Citation: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2006), 74(17): -
URI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.74.174429
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13688
Issue Date: 2006
ISSN: 10980121
Author Scopus IDs: 57206712619
6602903861
36065821700
Author Affiliations: Bala, A., Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247 667, India
Nautiyal, T., Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247 667, India
Kim, K.S., National Creative Research Initiative Center for Superfunctional Materials, Department of Chemistry, Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, Pohang 790-784, South Korea, Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyojadong, Namgu, Pohang 790-784, South Korea
Corresponding Author: Bala, A.; Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee-247 667, India
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PH]

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