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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13386
Title: Studies on the pulp and papermaking characteristics of some indian non-woody fibrous raw materials. i
Authors: Dutt, Dharm
Upadhyaya J.S.
Malik R.S.
Tyagi C.R.
Published in: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology
Abstract: Besides other multifarious problems like soaring environmental costs, high manufacturing costs and declining price of the end products, the Indian pulp and paper industry is facing an acute shortage of better quality of wood fibers. Due to various reasons, the Indian pulp and paper industry could not match its final products versus finished products in a globally competitive market. By investigating the unique morphological characteristics of some potential non-woody fibers that lie in the close vicinity of softwood and bamboo, products' quality can be improved up to the required standard of survival on the globally competitive markets. Out of three, two non-woody plants are native of South America and Australia, being available in plenty in all the states of India, by their adaptation to the Indian climatic conditions. Ipomea cornea, coming from South America, resembles Pinus kesia and Picca abies in lumen and fiber diameter. Although its fibers are short, it gives strong paper, due to the high collapsing index. Cannabis saliva, popularly known as "true hemp", has long bast fiber strands or ribbons that are extensively used for manufacturing of cigarette tissue, carbonising paper, automobile filters and capacitor tissue papers, etc. Sesbania aculeata - a leguminous plant from Australia resembling jute, helps nitrogen fixation and produces high quality bast fibers, which are also used as a mix blend for developing specialty papers. These potential non-woody plants are cheap, representing an annually renewable source of high-quality fibers that can be successfully grown in temperate and tropical climatic conditions, without requiring much attention. In the present communication, the morphological characteristics of Ipomea carnea. Cannabis saliva and Sesbania aculeata have been discussed, in order to develop high quality specialty papers; some other potential industrial applications of Ipomea camea, Cannabis saliva and Sesbania aculeata are discussed, for their possible extended utilization in manufacturing high-quality cultural papers.
Citation: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology (2005), 39(43832): 115-128
URI: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13386
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 5769787
Author Scopus IDs: 7005982560
8679068400
24475006400
6602705260
Author Affiliations: Dutt, D., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology of Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur-247 001, India
Upadhyaya, J.S., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology of Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur-247 001, India
Malik, R.S., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology of Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur-247 001, India
Tyagi, C.R., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology of Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur-247 001, India
Corresponding Author: Dutt, D.; Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology of Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur-247 001, India
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PT]

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