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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13154
Title: Anatomical, morphological, and chemical characterization of Bambusa tulda, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Bambusa balcooa, malocana baccifera, Bambusa arundinacea and eucalyptus tereticornis
Authors: Sharma A.K.
Dutt, Dharm
Upadhyaya J.S.
Roy T.K.
Published in: BioResources
Abstract: Due to scarcity of cellulosic wood fibers five bamboo species, namely B. tulda, D. hamiltonii, B. balcooa, M. baccifera, and B. arundinacea, and two eucalyptus species, namely E. tereticornis and E. grandis, were grown under North Indian climatic conditions in order to sustain fiber supply through social forestry. After four years of cultivation, these cellulosic raw materials were evaluated for anatomical structures, fibre dimensions, chemical characterization, and pulp and paper making characteristics. B. balcooa and M. baccifera contained higher holocellulose and α-cellulose contents compared to other bamboo species and lower ash contents, indicating that they are likely to pose less problem during chemical recovery. E. grandis contained higher holocellulose, α-cellulose, and lower lignin contents than that of E. tereticornis. Morphologically, bamboo species did not show much difference in fiber dimensions and their derived values. E. grandis showed problems of kink and curl due to longer fiber length than E. tereticornis. Based on pulp yield, brightness, and pulp viscosity B. balcooa, M. baccifera and E. grandis are better options for social forestry among other species.
Citation: BioResources (2011), 6(4): 5062-5073
URI: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13154
Issue Date: 2011
Keywords: Anatomy
Bamboo species
E. Tereticornis
Morphology
Proximate chemical analysis
Pulp and paper
ISSN: 19302126
Author Scopus IDs: 55344851500
7005982560
8679068400
57197879427
Author Affiliations: Sharma, A.K., Central Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Paper Mill Road, Saharanpur 247001, India
Dutt, D., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur 247001, India
Upadhyaya, J.S., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur 247001, India
Roy, T.K., Central Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Paper Mill Road, Saharanpur 247001, India
Corresponding Author: Dutt, D.; Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur 247001, India; email: dharm_dutt@rediffmail.com
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PT]

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