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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13150
Title: An assessment of trace element contamination in groundwater aquifers of Saharanpur, Western Uttar Pradesh, India
Authors: Kumar A.
Bharti
Malyan S.K.
Kumar S.S.
Dutt D.
Kumar V.
Published in: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
Abstract: Groundwater is a vital natural resource needed for the growth and development of life on the Earth. The aim of the present study was to estimate trace elements concentration in groundwater and their effect on human health in Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Groundwater samples were collected from the government hand pumps and analyzed for eight trace elements using ICP-MS. In all the samples, concentrations of two trace elements namely Hg and Fe were above the drinking water limits (mean values of 2.04 ± 1.94 and 1531 ± 1372 μg/L, respectively) as specified by Bureau of Indian Standards (2012) and World Health Organization (2011). For Cr and Pb, 10% and 15% of the groundwater samples respectively, were above the specified limits. The concentration of As, Cd, and Zn was within limits as specified for drinking water. Hazard Quotient (HQ) for the assessment of human health showed no potential adverse health risk except Fe. This study showed that the value of the Hazard Index (HI) for all the samples was also within limits except for one of the sampling sites (#S9). HQ and HI values were almost equivalent to permissible limits at the majority of sites. However, on the basis of cumulative results obtained during the study, it was concluded that urgent management actions are required to protect future groundwater quality of this region. © 2019
Citation: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology (2019), 20(): -
URI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101213
http://repository.iitr.ac.in/handle/123456789/13150
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Groundwater
Hazard index
Hazard quotient
Human health risk assessment
Trace elements
ISSN: 18788181
Author Scopus IDs: 55628573275
57208080672
57189575163
57194535380
7005982560
57204134295
Author Affiliations: Kumar, A., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India
Bharti, Department of Chemistry, SRT Campus, HNB Garhwal, University, Srinagar, Uttarakhand 249199, India
Malyan, S.K., Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel
Kumar, S.S., Center for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110016, India
Dutt, D., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India
Kumar, V., Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh 247001, India, Center for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110016, India
Funding Details: Mr. Amrish Kumar is thankful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, India for providing the Junior/Senior Research Fellowship during his Ph.D. The authors are thankful to the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand-247667, India for providing all necessary support for this study.
Corresponding Author: Kumar, V.; Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Room No 375, Block III, Hauz Khas, India; email: vivekk@iitd.ac.in
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PT]

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