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Title: Process Parameters Optimization of Casuarina equisetifolia for Enhanced Production of Bleachable Grade Kraft Pulp through RSM
Authors: Maan P.
Kadam A.
Kumar A.
Kumar S.
Dutt D.
Martin A.
Lucian A.
Published in: BioResources
Abstract: Casuarina equisetifolia (beach sheoak), a fast-growing desiduous tropicla hardwood tree, was utilized to assess its suitability for pulp and paper production. Response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was used to optimize the kraft pulping process by varyingthe alkali doses, reaction temperature, and time. Using the bese optimum pulping conditions with alkali charge 17.9%, temperature 170.2°C, and pulping time 82.1 min, a high screened pulp yield of 52.4% with low kappa number of 18.1 and pulp viscosity of 974.5 cm3/g could be achieved. The ;aboratory handsheets prepared with kraft pulp under optimum conditions showed good mechanical strangth properties at an optimum beating level of 45°SR.
Citation: BioResources (2018), 13(4): 8802-8813
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: North Carolina State University
Keywords: Casuarina equisetifolia, Response surface methodology, Kraft pulping, Central composite design
Author Affiliations: Maan, P., Kadam, A., Kumar, A., & Dutt, D, Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 247 001, India
Kumar, S., Biochemical Conversion Division, Sadar Swaran Singh National Institute of Bio-Energy, Kapurthala, 144601, India
Corresponding Author: Maan, P.; Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Paper Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur CampusIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [PT]

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