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Title: Life attributes of Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): challenges and future directions
Authors: Patel P.
Bhusal D.R.
Kumar B.
Kumar D.
Published in: Biocontrol Science and Technology
Abstract: Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae) is an alien herbaceous weed with a pantropical distribution. The weed adversely affects grazing land productivity, native biodiversity and causes respiratory and dermal allergies in humans. The weed continues to invade new countries, with increases in CO2 set to further enhance this spread. Biological control is among the most cost-effective management strategy for P. hysterophorus, with the leaf-feeding beetle Zygogramma bicolorata Pallister (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) among the most promising candidates. Our review discusses the life cycle and feeding and reproductive behaviours of Z. bicolorata. We emphasise how abiotic factors and biological processes, viz. ageing, rhythmicity, multiple matings and interactions amongst species, influence the fertility and mortality parameters of the beetle. We anticipate that this review will assist in improving the strategies for rapid mass-multiplication of Z. bicolorata in laboratories. In addition, the review will support efforts to develop classical biological control approaches in regions where Parthenium is invasive. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Citation: Biocontrol Science and Technology (2019), (): -
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: biological control agent
invasive species
life attributes
Parthenium weed
ISSN: 9583157
Author Scopus IDs: 57204424766
Author Affiliations: Patel, P., Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India
Bhusal, D.R., Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
Kumar, B., Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India
Kumar, D., Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP, India
Funding Details: The authors are thankful to UGC-CAS and DST-FIST supported Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Bhupendra Kumar acknowledges the University’s start-up-grant and UGC-BSR research start-up-grant for financial assistance. Bhupendra Kumar and Daya Ram Bhusal acknowledge Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) for NAST-INSA bilateral exchange programme under which this review article has been compiled.
Corresponding Author: Kumar, B.; Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu UniversityIndia; email:
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [ME]

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