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Title: Effects of first-order chemical reactions on the dispersion coefficient associated with laminar flow through the lungs
Authors: Saini A.
Katiyar V.K.
Published in: International Journal of Biomathematics
Abstract: This paper aims to look into the determination of effective area-average concentration and dispersion coefficient associated with unsteady flow through a small-diameter tube where a solute undergoes first-order chemical reaction both within the fluid and at the boundary. The reaction consists of a reversible component due to phase exchange between the flowing fluid and the wall layer, and an irreversible component due to absorption into the wall. To understand the dispersion, the governing equations along with the reactive boundary conditions are solved numerically using the Finite Difference Method. The resultant equation shows how the dispersion coefficient is influenced by the first-order chemical reaction. The effects of various dimensionless parameters e.g. Da (the Damkohler number), α (phase partitioning number) and Γ (dimensionless absorption number) on dispersion are discussed. One of the results exposes that the dispersion coefficient may approach its steady-state limit in a short time at a high value of Damkohler number (say Da ≥ 10) and a small but nonzero value of absorption rate (say Γ ≤ 0.5). © 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Citation: International Journal of Biomathematics (2014), 7(2): -
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd
Keywords: absorption rate
Dispersion coefficient
phase exchange
wall reactions
ISSN: 17935245
Author Scopus IDs: 57197596333
Author Affiliations: Saini, A., Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Katiyar, V.K., Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Pratibha, Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Funding Details: One of the authors Anju Saini thankfully acknowledges the financial assistance provided by MHRD India.
Appears in Collections:Journal Publications [MA]

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